streaming mode | Rhythm category


  • signal (real) - the input signal


  • onsetDetections (real) - the frame-wise values of the detection function


  • frameSize (integer ∈ (0, ∞), default = 2048) :

    the frame size for computing onset detection function

  • hopSize (integer ∈ (0, ∞), default = 512) :

    the hop size for computing onset detection function

  • method (string ∈ {infogain, beat_emphasis}, default = infogain) :

    the method used for onset detection

  • sampleRate (real ∈ (0, ∞), default = 44100) :

    the sampling rate of the audio signal [Hz]


This algorithm computes various onset detection functions. Detection values are computed frame-wisely given an input signal. The output of this algorithm should be post-processed in order to determine whether the frame contains an onset or not. Namely, it could be fed to the Onsets algorithm. The following method are available:

  • ‘infogain’, the spectral difference measured by the modified information gain [1]. For each frame, it accounts for energy change in between preceding and consecutive frames, histogrammed together, in order to suppress short-term variations on frame-by-frame basis.

  • ‘beat_emphasis’, the beat emphasis function [1]. This function is a linear combination of onset detection functions (complex spectral differences) in a number of sub-bands, weighted by their beat strength computed over the entire input signal.


  • ‘infogain’ onset detection has been optimized for the default sampleRate=44100Hz, frameSize=2048, hopSize=512.

  • ‘beat_emphasis’ is optimized for a fixed resolution of 11.6ms, which corresponds to the default sampleRate=44100Hz, frameSize=1024, hopSize=512.

Optimal performance of beat detection with TempoTapDegara is not guaranteed for other settings.


[1] S. Hainsworth and M. Macleod, “Onset detection in musical audio signals,” in International Computer Music Conference (ICMC’03), 2003, pp. 163–6.

[2] M. E. P. Davies, M. D. Plumbley, and D. Eck, “Towards a musical beat emphasis function,” in IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics, 2009. WASPAA ’09, 2009, pp. 61–64.

Source code

See also

OnsetDetectionGlobal (standard) Onsets (standard) Onsets (streaming) TempoTap (standard) TempoTap (streaming) TempoTapDegara (standard) TempoTapDegara (streaming)