GapsDetector

standard mode | Audio Problems category

Inputs

  • frame (vector_real) - the input frame (must be non-empty)

Outputs

  • starts (vector_real) - the start indexes of the detected gaps (if any) in seconds
  • ends (vector_real) - the end indexes of the detected gaps (if any) in seconds

Parameters

  • attackTime (real ∈ [0, ∞), default = 0.05) :
    the attack time of the first order lowpass in the attack phase [ms]
  • frameSize (integer ∈ [0, ∞), default = 2048) :
    frame size used for the analysis. Should match the input frame size. Otherwise, an exception will be thrown
  • hopSize (integer ∈ [0, ∞), default = 1024) :
    hop size used for the analysis
  • kernelSize (integer ∈ [1, ∞), default = 11) :
    scalar giving the size of the median filter window. Must be odd
  • maximumTime (real ∈ (0, ∞), default = 3500) :
    time of the maximum gap duration [ms]
  • minimumTime (real ∈ (0, ∞), default = 10) :
    time of the minimum gap duration [ms]
  • postpowerTime (real ∈ (0, ∞), default = 40) :
    time for the postpower calculation [ms]
  • prepowerThreshold (real ∈ (-∞, ∞), default = -30) :
    prepower threshold [dB].
  • prepowerTime (real ∈ (0, ∞), default = 40) :
    time for the prepower calculation [ms]
  • releaseTime (real ∈ [0, ∞), default = 0.05) :
    the release time of the first order lowpass in the release phase [ms]
  • sampleRate (real ∈ (0, ∞), default = 44100) :
    sample rate used for the analysis
  • silenceThreshold (real ∈ (-∞, ∞), default = -50) :
    silence threshold [dB]

Description

This algorithm uses energy and time thresholds to detect gaps in the waveform. A median filter is used to remove spurious silent samples. The power of a small audio region before the detected gaps (prepower) is thresholded to detect intentional pauses as described in [1]. This technique isextended to the region after the gap. The algorithm was designed for a framewise use and returns the start and end timestamps related to the first frame processed. Call configure() or reset() in order to restart the count.

References:
[1] Mühlbauer, R. (2010). Automatic Audio Defect Detection.

See also

GapsDetector (streaming)

Standard algorithms

AfterMaxToBeforeMaxEnergyRatio | AllPass | AudioLoader | AudioOnsetsMarker | AudioWriter | AutoCorrelation | BFCC | BPF | BandPass | BandReject | BarkBands | BeatTrackerDegara | BeatTrackerMultiFeature | Beatogram | BeatsLoudness | BinaryOperator | BinaryOperatorStream | BpmHistogram | BpmHistogramDescriptors | BpmRubato | CartesianToPolar | CentralMoments | Centroid | ChordsDescriptors | ChordsDetection | ChordsDetectionBeats | Chromagram | Chromaprinter | ClickDetector | Clipper | ConstantQ | Crest | CrossCorrelation | CubicSpline | DCRemoval | DCT | Danceability | Decrease | Derivative | DerivativeSFX | DiscontinuityDetector | Dissonance | DistributionShape | Duration | DynamicComplexity | ERBBands | EasyLoader | EffectiveDuration | Energy | EnergyBand | EnergyBandRatio | Entropy | Envelope | EqloudLoader | EqualLoudness | Extractor | FFT | FFTC | FadeDetection | FalseStereoDetector | Flatness | FlatnessDB | FlatnessSFX | Flux | FrameCutter | FrameGenerator | FrameToReal | FreesoundExtractor | FrequencyBands | GFCC | GapsDetector | GeometricMean | HFC | HPCP | HarmonicBpm | HarmonicMask | HarmonicModelAnal | HarmonicPeaks | HighPass | HighResolutionFeatures | Histogram | HprModelAnal | HpsModelAnal | HumDetector | IDCT | IFFT | IFFTC | IIR | Inharmonicity | InstantPower | Intensity | Key | KeyExtractor | LPC | Larm | Leq | LevelExtractor | LogAttackTime | LogSpectrum | LoopBpmConfidence | LoopBpmEstimator | Loudness | LoudnessEBUR128 | LoudnessVickers | LowLevelSpectralEqloudExtractor | LowLevelSpectralExtractor | LowPass | MFCC | Magnitude | MaxFilter | MaxMagFreq | MaxToTotal | Mean | Median | MedianFilter | MelBands | MetadataReader | Meter | MinToTotal | MonoLoader | MonoMixer | MonoWriter | MovingAverage | MultiPitchKlapuri | MultiPitchMelodia | Multiplexer | MusicExtractor | NNLSChroma | NSGConstantQ | NSGIConstantQ | NoiseAdder | NoiseBurstDetector | NoveltyCurve | NoveltyCurveFixedBpmEstimator | OddToEvenHarmonicEnergyRatio | OnsetDetection | OnsetDetectionGlobal | OnsetRate | Onsets | OverlapAdd | PCA | Panning | PeakDetection | PercivalBpmEstimator | PercivalEnhanceHarmonics | PercivalEvaluatePulseTrains | PitchContourSegmentation | PitchContours | PitchContoursMelody | PitchContoursMonoMelody | PitchContoursMultiMelody | PitchFilter | PitchMelodia | PitchSalience | PitchSalienceFunction | PitchSalienceFunctionPeaks | PitchYin | PitchYinFFT | PitchYinProbabilistic | PitchYinProbabilities | PitchYinProbabilitiesHMM | PolarToCartesian | PoolAggregator | PowerMean | PowerSpectrum | PredominantPitchMelodia | RMS | RawMoments | ReplayGain | Resample | ResampleFFT | RhythmDescriptors | RhythmExtractor | RhythmExtractor2013 | RhythmTransform | RollOff | SBic | SNR | SaturationDetector | Scale | SilenceRate | SineModelAnal | SineModelSynth | SineSubtraction | SingleBeatLoudness | SingleGaussian | Slicer | SpectralCentroidTime | SpectralComplexity | SpectralContrast | SpectralPeaks | SpectralWhitening | Spectrum | SpectrumCQ | SpectrumToCent | Spline | SprModelAnal | SprModelSynth | SpsModelAnal | SpsModelSynth | StartStopCut | StartStopSilence | StereoDemuxer | StereoMuxer | StereoTrimmer | StochasticModelAnal | StochasticModelSynth | StrongDecay | StrongPeak | SuperFluxExtractor | SuperFluxNovelty | SuperFluxPeaks | TCToTotal | TempoScaleBands | TempoTap | TempoTapDegara | TempoTapMaxAgreement | TempoTapTicks | TonalExtractor | TonicIndianArtMusic | TriangularBands | TriangularBarkBands | Trimmer | Tristimulus | TruePeakDetector | TuningFrequency | TuningFrequencyExtractor | UnaryOperator | UnaryOperatorStream | Variance | Vibrato | Viterbi | WarpedAutoCorrelation | Welch | Windowing | YamlInput | YamlOutput | ZeroCrossingRate