Entropy

streaming mode | Statistics category

Inputs

  • array (vector_real) - the input array (cannot contain negative values, and must be non-empty)

Outputs

  • entropy (real) - the entropy of the input array

Description

This algorithm computes the Shannon entropy of an array. Entropy can be used to quantify the peakiness of a distribution. This has been used for voiced/unvoiced decision in automatic speech recognition.

Entropy cannot be computed neither on empty arrays nor arrays which contain negative values. In such cases, exceptions will be thrown.

References:
[1] H. Misra, S. Ikbal, H. Bourlard and H. Hermansky, "Spectral entropy based feature for robust ASR," in IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP'04).

Streaming algorithms

AfterMaxToBeforeMaxEnergyRatio | AllPass | AudioLoader | AudioOnsetsMarker | AudioWriter | AutoCorrelation | BPF | BandPass | BandReject | BarkBands | BarkExtractor | BeatTrackerDegara | BeatTrackerMultiFeature | Beatogram | BeatsLoudness | BinaryOperator | BinaryOperatorStream | BpmHistogram | BpmHistogramDescriptors | BpmRubato | CartesianToPolar | CentralMoments | Centroid | ChordsDescriptors | ChordsDetection | Chromagram | Clipper | ConstantQ | Crest | CrossCorrelation | CubicSpline | DCRemoval | DCT | Danceability | Decrease | Derivative | DerivativeSFX | Dissonance | DistributionShape | Duration | DynamicComplexity | ERBBands | EasyLoader | EffectiveDuration | Energy | EnergyBand | EnergyBandRatio | Entropy | Envelope | EqloudLoader | EqualLoudness | FFT | FFTC | FadeDetection | FileOutput | Flatness | FlatnessDB | FlatnessSFX | Flux | FrameCutter | FrameToReal | FrequencyBands | GFCC | GeometricMean | HFC | HPCP | HarmonicBpm | HarmonicMask | HarmonicModelAnal | HarmonicPeaks | HighPass | HighResolutionFeatures | HprModelAnal | HpsModelAnal | IDCT | IFFT | IIR | Inharmonicity | InstantPower | Key | KeyExtractor | LPC | Larm | Leq | LevelExtractor | LogAttackTime | LoopBpmConfidence | LoopBpmEstimator | Loudness | LoudnessEBUR128 | LoudnessEBUR128Filter | LoudnessVickers | LowLevelSpectralEqloudExtractor | LowLevelSpectralExtractor | LowPass | MFCC | Magnitude | MaxFilter | MaxMagFreq | MaxToTotal | Mean | Median | MelBands | MetadataReader | Meter | MinToTotal | MonoLoader | MonoMixer | MonoWriter | MovingAverage | MultiPitchMelodia | Multiplexer | NoiseAdder | NoveltyCurve | OddToEvenHarmonicEnergyRatio | OnsetDetection | OnsetDetectionGlobal | OnsetRate | Onsets | OverlapAdd | Panning | PeakDetection | PercivalBpmEstimator | PercivalEnhanceHarmonics | PercivalEvaluatePulseTrains | PitchContours | PitchContoursMelody | PitchContoursMonoMelody | PitchContoursMultiMelody | PitchFilter | PitchMelodia | PitchSalience | PitchSalienceFunction | PitchSalienceFunctionPeaks | PitchYin | PitchYinFFT | PolarToCartesian | PoolAggregator | PowerMean | PowerSpectrum | PredominantPitchMelodia | RMS | RawMoments | RealAccumulator | ReplayGain | Resample | ResampleFFT | RhythmDescriptors | RhythmExtractor | RhythmExtractor2013 | RhythmTransform | RollOff | SBic | Scale | SilenceRate | SineModelAnal | SineModelSynth | SineSubtraction | SingleBeatLoudness | SingleGaussian | Slicer | SpectralCentroidTime | SpectralComplexity | SpectralContrast | SpectralPeaks | SpectralWhitening | Spectrum | SpectrumCQ | SpectrumToCent | Spline | SprModelAnal | SprModelSynth | SpsModelAnal | SpsModelSynth | StartStopSilence | StereoDemuxer | StochasticModelAnal | StochasticModelSynth | StrongDecay | StrongPeak | SuperFluxExtractor | SuperFluxNovelty | SuperFluxPeaks | TCToTotal | TempoScaleBands | TempoTap | TempoTapDegara | TempoTapMaxAgreement | TempoTapTicks | TonalExtractor | TriangularBands | Trimmer | Tristimulus | TuningFrequency | TuningFrequencyExtractor | UnaryOperator | UnaryOperatorStream | Variance | VectorInput | VectorRealAccumulator | Vibrato | WarpedAutoCorrelation | Windowing | ZeroCrossingRate